A 158-member team is carrying out excavation efforts in Solhan, a district of Bingol province, which is expected to be submerged after a nearby dam.
Ziya Kilinc, head of the excavation team, told Anadolu Agency that the kernels, along with many other historical artifacts, were thought to date back to Urartus and Byzantines Empire.
Abdulkadir Ozdemir, an archeologist at the nearby Firat University, said the excavation would reveal how local people had lived, what animals they had fed, and which agricultural products they had used.
Ozdemir said: "Laboratory analysis will reveal whether the seeds are wild or cultivated."
The two-year excavations have unearthed many artifacts belonging to the Urartu and Byzantine periods in the 3,600-year-old settlement.